What is a miscarriage? A miscarriage is an event that results in the loss of a fetus during early pregnancy. It typically happens during the first trimester, or first three months, of the pregnancy. According to the American Pregnancy Association APA10 to 25 percent of all clinically recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage.
Attached to a suction pump Up to 15 weeks' gestation, suction-aspiration or vacuum aspiration are the most common surgical methods of induced abortion.
These techniques differ in the mechanism used to apply suction, in how early in pregnancy they can be used, and in whether cervical dilation is necessary. MVA, also known as "mini-suction" and " menstrual extraction ", can be used in very early pregnancy, and does not require cervical dilation.
Curettage refers to cleaning the walls of the uterus with a curette. After the 16th week of gestation, abortions can also be induced by intact dilation and extraction IDX also called intrauterine cranial decompressionwhich requires surgical decompression of the fetus's head before evacuation.
IDX is sometimes called " partial-birth abortion ", which has been federally banned in the United States. In the third trimester of pregnancy, induced abortion may be performed surgically by intact dilation and extraction or by hysterotomy. Hysterotomy abortion is a procedure similar to a caesarean section and is performed under general anesthesia.
It requires a smaller incision than a caesarean section and is used during later stages of pregnancy. This procedure may be performed from 13 weeks gestation to the third trimester.
For this reason, labor induced abortion is legally risky in the U. The historian of medicine John Riddle has spoken of the "broken chain of knowledge," : And sometimes their fumbling attempts to recover the knowledge can be disastrous.
For example, in one woman in Colorado died and another was seriously injured when they attempted to procure an abortion by taking pennyroyal oil. Abortion is sometimes attempted by causing trauma to the abdomen.
The degree of force, if severe, can cause serious internal injuries without necessarily succeeding in inducing miscarriage. These and other methods to terminate pregnancy may be called "induced miscarriage". Such methods are rarely used in countries where surgical abortion is legal and available.
The World Health Organization defines unsafe abortions as those performed by unskilled individuals, with hazardous equipment, or in unsanitary facilities. Complications, which are rare, can include uterine perforationpelvic infectionand retained products of conception requiring a second procedure to evacuate.
Second-trimester abortions are generally well-tolerated.
Referring to the U. In the prominent professor of obstetrics and gynecology Frederick J. Taussig wrote that a cause of increasing mortality during the years of illegality in the U. Abortion and mental health Current evidence finds no relationship between most induced abortions and mental-health problems   other than those expected for any unwanted pregnancy.
Unsafe abortion Soviet poster circawarning against midwives performing abortions.Side effects of abortion can be life-threatening but in extremely rare cases.
The common side effects are bleeding, abdominal and pelvic pain, nausea, and vomiting. These subside within days, while the bleeding can carry on for 4 weeks. Two types of abortion procedures are legally available to women in the United States to terminate a pregnancy: so-called medication abortions, which are drug-induced, and surgical abortions, which require out- or inpatient surgery.
In a medical abortion, two ‘abortion pills’ are taken orally within a gap of hours, which induces a miscarriage.
Surgical abortion- Generally done after 9 weeks of pregnancy, it is a short procedure in which the fetus is removed. There are two types of surgical abortion procedures. There are two types of surgical abortion: aspiration abortion and dilation and evacuation (D&E) abortion. Women up to 14 to 16 weeks pregnant can have an aspiration abortion, while D&E abortions.
The Effects of Abortion Presents the result of a study conducted to determine the factors affecting the mental well being of a woman after abortion. Implications of the study; Source of stress experienced by women after abortion; Effect of religion in abortion.
Types of Medical Abortion Procedures Methotrexate & Misoprostol (MTX) MTX is a medical abortion procedure used up to the first 7 weeks (49 days of pregnancy).This procedure is not as commonly used as in the past because of the availability of mifepristone.