Definition[ edit ] The age of the mother is determined by the easily verified date when the pregnancy ends, not by the estimated date of conception. It violates the rights of girls, with life-threatening consequences in terms of sexual and reproductive health, and poses high development costs for communities, particularly in perpetuating the cycle of poverty. The risk of maternal death for girls under age 15 in low and middle income countries is higher than for women in their twenties. Life outcomes for teenage mothers and their children vary; other factors, such as poverty or social supportmay be more important than the age of the mother at the birth.
Medicalities[ change change source ] Teenage pregnancies have a number of problems: There is a higher risk that babies born from teenage mothers are born too early, or that they have a low weight at birth.
Teenage mothers are less likely to receive prenatal careoften seeking it in the third trimesterif at all. This may lead to them having specific illnesses related to bad nutrition.
Young mothers and their babies are also at greater risk of contracting HIV. The maternal mortality rate can be up to five times higher for girls aged between 10 and 14 than for women of about twenty years of age. Illegal abortion also holds many risks for teenage girls in areas such as sub-Saharan Africa.
Some of these problems can be dealt with using Cesarean section C Section This requires the services of a doctor, or a hospital, which is often unavailable. Where this is unavailable, eclampsiaobstetric fistulainfant mortalityor maternal death can result.
It is important that teenage mothers can rely on the family and the state to help them cope, and educate their child. Teenage parents who can rely on family and community support, social services and child-care support are more likely to continue their education and get higher paying jobs as they progress with their education.
Teen mothers are more likely to drop out of high school.
This leaves kids with information only from their peers, which often includes pressure to engage in sex acts to meet social standards. Parents should realize that in attempting to protect their children from the reality of human sexuality they are causing more harm than good.
Open discussion about sex in a safe, nonjudgmental environment is essential to helping minors make educated decisions about sex. Fam Plann Perspect 17 3: Not Just Another Single Issue: Retrieved May 27, J Adolesc Health 15 6: A Socially Inflicted Health Hazard". Indian Journal of Community Medicine 34 3: Teen Sex and Pregnancy.
Retrieved May 29, Pediatr Ann 22 2: J Natl Med Assoc 89 Arch Latinoam Nutr 53 2:A matter of human rights. Early pregnancy and motherhood are closely linked to issues of human rights.
A pregnant girl who is pressured or forced to leave school, for example, is denied her right to an education. Thirty percent of all teenage girls who drop out of school cite pregnancy and parenthood as key reasons.
Rates among Hispanic (36 percent) and African American (38 percent) girls are higher. Educational achievement affects the lifetime income of teen mothers: two-thirds of families started by teens. Three in 10 girls in the U.S.
will become pregnant at least once before age Daughters of teen mothers are three times more likely to become teen mothers themselves.
Teenage pregnancy is a challenge for many nations, including in my home country of Jamaica, where the teenage pregnancy rate in was the fourth highest in the Caribbean, with 72 out of 1, adolescent girls becoming mothers.
Poverty, limited sexual reproductive health education, and sexual abuse were factors behind that stark statistic nine years ago. Teenage pregnancy is a situation which involves female adolescents.A teenage female is a female between 13 to 19 in age.
But sometimes preteens (people under 13) can become pregnant as well.
The fact that teenagers become pregnant is related to many factors. A Helping Hand for Teenage Mothers Our Mother/Child programs are created to help mothers who are young & homeless.
Find out more on how you can get help, or lend a helping hand. Pregnant Teenagers and Teenage Mothers Receive Help Through Covenant House.