Backstory Story that precedes events in the story being told—past events or background that add meaning to current circumstances Though The Lord of the Rings trilogy takes place in a relatively short period towards the end of the year Third Age, the narration gives glimpses of the mythological and historical events which took place earlier in the Third age leading up to the action in the novel, and in the First and Second Age. Cliffhanger The narrative ends unresolved, to draw the audience back to a future episode for the resolution. Deus ex machina a machination, or act of god; lit.
Sullivanwhose real interest was, ironically, serious music, which he composed with varying degrees of success, achieved fame for his comic opera scores rather than for his more earnest efforts. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.
A condition of affairs or events of a character opposite to what was, or might naturally be, expected; a contradictory outcome of events as if in mockery of the promise and fitness of things.
In French, ironie du sort.
The Socratic irony of the Platonic dialogues derives from this comic origin. Referring to the origins of irony in Ancient Greek comedy, and the way classical and medieval rhetoricians delineated the term.
A self-aware and self-critical form of fiction.
A contrast between the absolute and the relative, the general and the individual, which Hegel expressed by the phrase, "general [irony] of the world. The disparity of intention and result; when the result of an action is contrary to the desired or expected effect.
Dramatic irony and tragic irony: A disparity of awareness between an actor and an observer: It is most often used when the author causes a character to speak or act erroneously, out of ignorance of some portion of the truth of which the audience is aware.
In tragic irony, the audience knows the character is making a mistake, even as the character is making it. Verbal irony According to A glossary of literary terms by Abrams and Hartman, Verbal irony is a statement in which the meaning that a speaker employs is sharply different from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed.
An ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluation. But if the same speaker said the same words and intended to communicate that he was upset by claiming he was not, the utterance would be verbal irony.
This distinction illustrates an important aspect of verbal irony—speakers communicate implied propositions that are intentionally contradictory to the propositions contained in the words themselves.
There are, however, examples of verbal irony that do not rely on saying the opposite of what one means, and there are cases where all the traditional criteria of irony exist and the utterance is not ironic.
For instance, the following explicit similes begin with the deceptive formation of a statement that means A but that eventually conveys the meaning not A: Verbal irony and sarcasm A fair amount of confusion has surrounded the issue of the relationship between verbal irony and sarcasm.
Sarcasm does not necessarily involve irony and irony has often no touch of sarcasm. This suggests that the two concepts are linked but may be considered separately. The OED entry for sarcasm does not mention irony, but the irony entry reads: A figure of speech in which the intended meaning is the opposite of that expressed by the words used; usually taking the form of sarcasm or ridicule in which laudatory expressions are used to imply condemnation or contempt.
Partridge in Usage and Abusage would separate the two forms of speech completely: Irony must not be confused with sarcasm, which is direct: The psychologist Martin, in The Psychology of Humour, is quite clear that irony is where "the literal meaning is opposite to the intended" and sarcasm is "aggressive humor that pokes fun".
For sarcasm, he cites Winston Churchillwho is supposed to have said, when told by Bessie Braddock that he was drunk, "But I shall be sober in the morning, and you will still be ugly", as being sarcastic, while not saying the opposite of what is intended.
Psychology researchers Lee and Katz have addressed the issue directly. They found that ridicule is an important aspect of sarcasm, but not of verbal irony in general.
By this account, sarcasm is a particular kind of personal criticism levelled against a person or group of persons that incorporates verbal irony. For example, a woman reports to her friend that rather than going to a medical doctor to treat her cancer, she has decided to see a spiritual healer instead.
Some psycholinguistic theorists e. The differences between these rhetorical devices tropes can be quite subtle and relate to typical emotional reactions of listeners, and the rhetorical goals of the speakers.
Verbal irony and echoic allusion Echoic allusion is the main component involved in conveying verbally ironic meaning. It is best described as a speech act by which the speaker simultaneously represents a thought, belief or idea, and implicitly attributes this idea to someone else who is wrong or deluded.Civil Rights Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage.
This Argumentative essay will discuss the argument of same sex marriage. The contents are: meaning, brief background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and the restatement of the thesis statement.
Romeo Tragic Hero Essay By: Marley Donovan Romeo and Juliet was the works of famous playwright, William Shakespeare during the elizabethan era in England. We first start off and meet Romeo, a young, hasty teenager whos life takes a love sick turn for the worst.
Romeo and Juliet's tragic death could have been prevented if Romeo would have thought more rationally. The impulsive behavior Romeo obtains leads him to make problematic decisions, which later brings about the hapless ending.
Salome Jens Salome Jens has appeared in lead roles on Broadway in Far Country, Night Life, The Disenchanted, Patriot For Me, A Lie of the Mind. Romeo and Juliet is Not a Love Story - William Shakespeare () was a Renaissance poet and playwright who wrote and published the original versions of 38 plays, sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems.
Definition of Oxymoron. Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. The common oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings, such as “cruel kindness,” or “living death”.