Russell takes a logical approach at subjects ranging from ethics to pragmatism. There is a rough theme here, which probably has a lot to do with the philosophical questions or doctrines of the early twentieth century, a period in which Russell was at the height of his intellectual prowess. Particularly in the essay entitled the Elements of Ethics, in which Russell analyzes every single semantical possibility of what is meant by words such as true, false, good, bad, just, unjust, etc. Before a proposition is set forth explaining an ethical truth or falsehood, Russell wants us to take into account the meaning of each word, as well as its subjective or objective reality in the context of the sentence.
One of the more famous comes from the Oxford philosopher A. Another telling comment comes from the Harvard philosopher W. He wrote a spectrum of books for a graduated public, layman to specialist.
As Russell tells us, Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: These passions, like great winds, have blown me hither and thither, in a wayward course, over a great ocean of anguish, reaching to the very verge of despair.
I have sought love, first, because it brings ecstasy — ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness — that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss.
I have sought it finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic miniature, the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined.
This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what — at last — I have found. With equal passion I have sought knowledge.
I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have wished to know why the stars shine. And I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flux. A little of this, but not much, I have achieved. Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens.
But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people a hated burden to their sons, and the whole world of loneliness, poverty, and pain make a mockery of what human life should be.
I long to alleviate this evil, but I cannot, and I too suffer. This has been my life.
I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were offered me. In addition to his ground-breaking intellectual work in logic and analytic philosophy, he involved himself for much of his life in politics.
As early as he spoke out frequently in favour of internationalism and in he ran unsuccessfully for Parliament. Although he stood as an independent, he endorsed the full Liberal platform. He also advocated extending the franchise to women, provided that such a radical political change would be introduced only through constitutionally recognized means Wood Three years later he published his Anti-Suffragist Anxieties With the outbreak of World War I, Russell became involved in anti-war activities and in he was fined pounds for authoring an anti-war pamphlet.
Because of his conviction, he was dismissed from his post at Trinity College, Cambridge Hardy Two years later, he was convicted a second time, this time for suggesting that American troops might be used to intimidate strikers in Britain Clark— The result was five months in Brixton Prison as prisoner No.
In and Russell ran twice more for Parliament, again unsuccessfully, and together with his second wife, Dora, he founded an experimental school that they operated during the late s and early s Russell and Park The appointment was revoked following a series of protests and a judicial decision which found him morally unfit to teach at the College Dewey and KallenIrvineWeidlich A year later, together with Albert Einstein, he released the Russell-Einstein Manifesto calling for the curtailment of nuclear weapons.
In he became a prime organizer of the first Pugwash Conference, which brought together a large number of scientists concerned about the nuclear issue. He became the founding president of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in and Honorary President of the Committee of in InRussell was once again imprisoned, this time for a week in connection with anti-nuclear protests.
Beginning inhe began work on a variety of additional issues, including lobbying on behalf of political prisoners under the auspices of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation. Upon being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature inRussell used his acceptance speech to emphasize themes relating to his social activism.
Over the years, Russell has served as the subject of numerous creative works, including T. An Epic Search for Truth The Spirit of Solitude and Bertrand Russell: For a detailed bibliography of the secondary literature surrounding Russell up to the close of the twentieth century, see Andrew Irvine, Bertrand Russell: For a list of new and forthcoming books relating to Russell, see the Forthcoming Books page at the Bertrand Russell Archives.Consists of essays on Russell's work by many distinguished philosophers.
Bertrand Russell, by John Slater, Bristol: Thoemmes Press, Bertrand Russell's Ethics. by Michael K. Potter, Bristol: Thoemmes Continuum, A clear and accessible explanation of Russell's moral philosophy.
Bertrand Russell's philosophical views: . Philosophical Essays [Bertrand Russell] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifactReviews: 3.
Bertrand Russell: Bertrand Russell, British philosopher and logician, founding figure in the analytic movement in Anglo-American philosophy, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
His contributions to logic, epistemology, and the philosophy of mathematics made him one of the foremost philosophers of the 20th century. Philosophical Essays (Classic Reprint) [Bertrand Russell] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Excerpt from Philosophical Essays Postscript - The death of William James, which occurred when the printing of this book was already far advanced5/5(3).
Bertrand Arthur William Russell (3rd Earl Russell) (AKA Sir Bertrand Russell) ( - ) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician and historian.
He is generally credited with being one of the founders of Analytic Philosophy, and almost all the various Analytic movements throughout the 20th Century (particularly Logicism, Logical. Bertrand Russell wrote most of his 'Philosophical Essays' during the first decade of this century, a period when he was at the height of his creative energy in the realms of philosophy and mathematics.
Fifty-five years later, in re-issuing the book, Russell replaced two of the essays that were available elsewhere, but made no changes to the others 5/5(1).